EPIDEMIOLOGI DESKRIPTIF DAN ANALITIK PDF

Deskriptif vs Analitis. Survei deskriptif (Epidemiologi deskriptif). Dilakukan tanpa hipotesis; Biasanya studi awal ataupun studi karakterisasi suatu penyakit baru. Deskriptif. Analitik. PTS-RST-PKH- 2- • Agen. • Faktor Lingkungan kejadian suatu penyakit yang berusaha dielusidasi dalam epidemiologi deskriptif . 2 15/03/ Manfaat Epidemiologi dalam Kesehatan Masyarakat Study Types 5 15/03/ EPIDEMIOLOGI DESKRIPTIF DAN ANALITIK.

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Case-control studies cannot provide information on the disease incidence in a population. Synonyms for outcome are: Registration Forgot your password?

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To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. Synonyms for exposure are: The history of each study participant is carefully evaluated for evidence of exposure to the agent under investigation. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. In science, how do we usually test a hypothesis?

The major objective is to test the possible effect of a therapeutic or preventive intervention.

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The authors speculated that his fatal illness may have been caused by clopidogrel and wished to alert other clinicians to a possible adverse effect of the drug. Often quite expensive to run. Research classifications Observational vs. Journal of the American Medical Association, At a single examination, each child was asked a series of questions about their usual amount of television viewing.

The study is reliant on the quality of past records or recollection of study participants. To determine whether analifik with antibiotics could reduce the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes, Carey et al screened 29, pregnant women to identify who had bacterial vaginosis, met certain other eligibility criteria, and consented to participate.

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Subjects are then followed over time to measure one or more outcomes, such as the occurrence of disease. For many exposures it may not be ethical or feasible to conduct a clinical trial e. All things being equal. Impractical if long periods of follow-up required. Published by Mark Haynes Modified over eidemiologi years ago. Cohort studies can be distinguished as either epidemioogi or retrospective A prospective cohort study begins with the selection of two groups of non-diseased animals, one exposed to a factor postulated to cause a disease and the other unexposed.

Maxs U.E. Sanam FKH Undana DISAIN STUDI EPIDEMIOLOGI.

Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback. It can also be very difficult to ensure an unbiased selection of the control group and, as a result, the representativeness of deskripif sample selection process is difficult to guarantee.

Share buttons are a little bit lower. These authors found a high incidence of intentional interpersonal injury in this area of the city. In the case of rare diseases large groups are necessary. An injury surveillance system was set up in a hospital emergency centre.

A key feature of ecological studies is that inference can only be made at the group level, not at the individual level. Randomisation generally provides excellent control over confounding, even by factors that may be hard to measure or that may be unknown to the investigator. What are the 3 types of observational studies? Losses to follow-up can become an important problem. Denominator information came from US census data.

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A special surveillance unit was set up to study Creutzfeld-Jacob disease CJDa rare and fatal progressive dementia that shares clinical and pathological features of BSE.

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Cross sectional studies commonly involve surveys to collect data. About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service. Surveys range from simple one-page questionnaires addressing a single variable, to highly complex, multiple page designs.

Because subjects are monitored over time for disease occurrence, cohort studies provide estimates of the absolute incidence of disease in exposed and non-exposed. We think you have liked this presentation. Individuals included in the sample are examined for the presence of disease and their status with regard to the presence or absence of specified risk factors. Boys and girls who reported watching four or more hours of television per day had significantly greater body mass indexes than boys and girls who reported watching fewer than two hours of television per day.

Each case and control was then interviewed about any past subscription to a cellular telephone service. Auth with social network: Most use data from existing sources such as birth and death certificates, disease registries or surveillance systems. Women were randomly assigned to receive either: From to at five academic medical centres in the USA they recruited cases aged 18 to 80 years with newly diagnosed cancer originating in the brain.