A Melakarta raga has seven distinct notes in its Arohanam, ascending in pitch, ( kramasampurna) and has the same notes in the Avarohanam, as its descent. Is there a way to find the notes of a raga once we know the number? The Katapayadi system page on wiki has an explanation. Here I have explained it in the. Ragas form the basis of melodic music of India and some of the ragas form the parent or melakarta ragas. From the melakarta ragas only, many derived or janya .

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For currently formally accepted Melakarta system, see Melakarta. By following a simple melakart of melakarta ragas we can find the corresponding raga and the scale associated with it.

From Wikipedia, melakarta ragas free encyclopedia. And if we choose D3, we can only have the D3,N3 combination; so for a fixed given set of notes upto P termed poorvangawe have 6 combinations from D,N variations. Melakarta ragas controversial parts relate to double counting of R2 and similar svaras and his exclusive selection melakartaa madyamas for which there is no specific reasoning also known as asampurna melas as melakarta ragas to sampurna ragas.

Hence, it could be considered a mealkarta of Todi also known as Hanumatodi which has shuddha rishabha or with Natabhairavi which has a chathushruti rishabha. PDF version melakarta ragas chart.

The chart is separated into melakarta ragas hierarchical tree model with representations for each swara family. Searching By Swaras The “Search by Swara” feature is a tool to find a raga by the notes in its particular scale. This important work “Chaturdandi Prakashika” was published in AD. It is easy to see that R and G will also give six variations, thus each of this melakarta ragas generate 6 ragas due to D,N variations, therefore there will arise in all: Reversing them we get When a given suddha madhyama raga’s M1 is replaced by M2, we get the corresponding prati madhyama raga.


Govindacharya learnt melakarta ragas 72 ragas scheme above of Venkatamakin and later proposed the symmetrical scales that is more in vogue today in terms of the official Melakarta scheme. The triangle, where the row and the column pertaining to the given swaras meet, indicates the melakarta raga.

Melakarta Ragas and Chart

Indian classical music portal. Views Read Edit View history. The center of the chart represents ragss origin of all Melakarta ragas. Each Chakra represents a particular combination of Rishabha and Gandhara swaras in its particular half of the chart. Clicking on the name or circle for any of the 72 ragas will bring up a popup which contains information about that particular raga.

Later Govindacharya came up with a more mathematical melakarta ragas regular system of 72 ragas, which is currently considered fundamental ragas musical scales in Carnatic music South Indian classical music. See swaras in Carnatic music for explanation of the notations like R1, G2, N2, etc.

The first half consists of 36 melakarta ragas with shudda madhayama M1 and the second melakarta ragas contains the other melakarta ragas melakarta ragas prati madhyama M2. We can immediately see that if melakarts melakarta ragas D1, we can have 3 combinations with N1,N2,N3, viz.


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Melakarta ragams svg. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Recommend Our site Spread the word. The “Search By Melakarta ragas feature is a simple nelakarta that allows you to find a raga on the chart if you already know its melakarta ragas. Mukund of Bangalore has succeeded admirably in his melakarta ragas to put the melakrta ragas in a compact chart. Sa and Pa are fixed.

This was done by placing successively swaras of higher frequency from one melakarta to the next. A melakarta raga is sometimes referred as melakarta or sampurna as well, though the latter term is inaccurate, as a sampurna raga need not be a melakarta take the raga Bhairavi, for example.

Melkarta Raga

Skipped notes or repeated notes, etc. The melakarta numbers are given in brackets along with the melakarta ragas.


A Melakarta raga has seven distinct melakarta ragas in its Arohanam, ascending in pitch, kramasampurna and has the same notes in the Avarohanam, as its descent. In the Asampurna Melakarta system, there is no set rule for the ragas in contrast to the currently used system of Melakarta ragas.

Concert 19 Program, Comments and Photos melakarta ragas The left side of the panel includes an image of the western scale equivalent of the particular raga.

This chart has been appreciated by the well known musicologists like Prof. This is obvious for ragas that have less than seven notes. Venkatamakhi, a gifted musicologist of the century is credited to melakarta ragas put all the sampoorna ragas, which are melakarta ragas main 72 parent ragas in a logical order.

Search By Name The “Search By Name” feature is a simple tool that allows melakarta ragas to find a raga on the chart if you already know its name. The 72 melakarta ragas are split into 12 groups melaakrta chakraseach containing 6 ragas. Antipodal melakarta ragas the two melas with maximum differences, with swaras being opposite, excepting Sa melakarta ragas Pa being common can be found in opposite triangles in the two opposing squares.

The name of each of the 12 melakarta ragas suggest their ordinal number as well. To repeat again, the melakarta ragas 1 through 36 melakarta ragas shudda madhyama M1 and the melakarta ragas 37 through 72 have prati madhyama M2. The “Search by Swara” feature is a tool to find a raga by the notes in its particular scale.

The second level of circles represents the two Madhyama M swaras and their melakarta ragas halves of the Melakarta structure.