27 May Tahdhīb al-aḥkām (Arabic: تَهذیب الأحکام) is a collection of hadiths by Abu Ja’far Muhammad b. Hasan al-Tusi (d. / ) known as Shaykh. Tahdhib Al-Ahkam on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Tahdhib Al-Ahkam at Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.

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Sometimes, it is not always clear whether the explanation belongs to al-Mufid or al-Tusi. Al- Istibsar is the fourth and last of the major works of Shi’ite Islamic traditions. According to viewpoint of Ali Nasiri, Shaykh Tusi authored this book basis on the six phases: As a traditionist, he naturally had an interest in the men who related traditions, in his Kitab al-rijal, he tries to list most of the important Shi’ites.

The A to Z of Islam. Another source of Tahdhib is Man la yahduruh al-faqih by al-Shaykh al-Saduq. It would be useful that there should be a reference madhkur book which a beginner could use in his study of jurisprudence, or one who has finished, to remind himself, or the intermediate student to study more deeply. The work is a very comprehensive study of Shi’ite traditions and consists of the following chapters: Adamec 2 September He mentions that these differences were being used against the Shi’a by their opponents as an argument against the truth of Shi’ite beliefs.

Al-Shaikh al-Tusi grew up in Tus and began his studies there. He wrote a work on al-Ghaiba, the occultation of the 12th Imam.

The author’s explanations about hadiths and the ways of resolving their contradictions in al-Istibsar are often the same as what he had said in Tahdhibthough there are verbal differences between the two. It has also cited some hadiths from Sunni sources without mentioning their chains of narrators.

Aqa Buzurg Tihrani has mentioned 16 expositions and 20 commentaries for Tahdhib al-ahkammentioning four books as commentaries on the Four Books. This work may to some extent reflect al-Tusi’s own library before it was so tragically destroyed. In his autobiography in his al-Fihristal-Shaykh al-Tusi enumerates 23 main parts or books of fiqhsaying that al-Istibsar and al-Nahaya have the same number of parts. There are expositions of Tahdhib’s Mashikha on its own or together with the mashikha of Man la yahduruh al-faqihsuch as Hadiqa al-anzar by Muhammad ‘Ali b.

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By using this site, hahdhib agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In his al-Istibsaral-Shaykh tahxhib writes that he started to write the book aham Tahdhib al-ahkam was finished.

Thus he asked al-Shaykh al-Tusi to write a well-argued exposition for al-Shaykh al-Mufid ‘s al-Muqni’awhich contains the grounds of each problem in widely accepted hadiths as well as contradictory hadiths, showing how to resolve the contradiction or interpret them away or showing in what ways they should not be relied upon. At first pass, it seems that he cites hadiths from the narrators mentioned at the beginning of his chain, but there is ample evidence showing that he did not cite them immediately, but since the people in between were well-known, he did not mention them.

Tahdhib al-Ahkam | Revolvy

However, it was al-Shaikh al-Tusi’s arrival which was to give that city the impetus to become the leading centre of Shi’ite scholarship. However, he makes it clear in his introduction that his work would only concern the furu’ of Islamic law, i. I would follow my practice in my big book ttahdhib earlier i.

Shaykh Ahlam explained his style in authoring the Tahdhib al-Ahkam in the introduction of it. Al-Shaikh al-Tusi’s teachers included al-Shaikh al-Mufid, and the two brothers, members of Ahl al-bait and both outstanding scholars, al-Sharif al-Murtada and al-Sharif al-Radi.

Parts or books of fiqh in this books are tajdhib in the same way as al-Muqni’a. However al-Tusi had available to him many of the early works of Usul which had been available to the earlier Shiite compilers of collections of traditions.

However, he quite often makes it clear that it is yahdhib when he says: Thus it seems that it did not tadhhib much time for him to write Thadhib al-ahkam.

In the appendices al-Tusi makes it quite clear that he is making the comments, for he says: It is a remarkable picture of tradition and shows that, whatever the vagaries of individuals may have taydhib, leading Shi’ite scholars had a clear and consistent view of their traditions.


For Imamiyyathis is one of the most reliable collections of hadiths and one of al-Kutub al-Arba’a the Four Books. Tahdhib al-ahkam counts as the most important source of ijtihad for Imamiyya in virtue of its containing much more hadiths in comparison with the rest of al-Kutub al-Arba’a the Four Books.

However, the parts of al-shahadat witnessing or testimony and al-at’ima wa al-ashriba eating and drinking are only independently discussed in the latter two books.

Tahdhib al-Ahkam – Wikipedia

In many parts or books of fiqh, al-Shaykh al-Tusi ‘s views in Tahdhib have been considered as his fatwas that are frequently cited and discussed. His vast scholarship and learning made him a natural successor of al-Sharif al-Murtada as the leading spokesman tahdhih Shi’ite Islam.

His akam was buried in a house there, which was made into a mosque as he had enjoined in his will. Retrieved from ” http: The most important source of Tahdhib is al-Kafi by al-Kulayni.

Tahdhib al-ahkam (book)

Fanaticism against the Shi’a was great. The Saljuqids fiercely anti-Shi’ite, were gaining commanding power in the centre of the Islamic Empire at the expense of the Buyids who had always seemed tolerant to Shi’ite views. In this method, in terms of which most of the part on taharat or cleanliness is written, the author occasionally appeals to sources such as what later came to be called combined tqhdhib al-ijma’ al-murakkabthe views of senior scholars and some reasoning.

Tahdhib al-ahkam contains hadiths in fiqh Islamic jurisprudence and the laws of sharia narrated from Ahl al-Bayt a. Jami Sahih Tartib al-Musnad. Likewise, in whkam al-‘Udda fi usul al-fiqhal-Shaykh al-Tusi refers to both of Tahdhib al-ahkam and al-Istibsarimplying that both books had been done when he started writing wl book.

Leadership of the Shi’ite scholars then fell to al-Sharif al-Murtada. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tahdhib al-ahkam includes only hadiths related to the laws of sharia.

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